It all comes down to different situations, but for the most part, a kitchen island does require an outlet since you will use all kinds of gadgets and electric kitchen tools there. When you’re cooking, it’s crucial to have an outlet there, and that’s precisely the thing you want to take into consideration.
When we look at traditional kitchen configurations such as a peninsular countertop space, the NEC codes from the National Fire Protection Association changed from 2014 through 2017. In 2014, two receptacle outlets were required to meet code compliance for kitchen countertop surfaces where the connecting countertop edge did not reach the wall. In 2017, code requirements changed and this meant that the receptacle outlet was only required, reducing application requirements for dwelling units.
An electrical contractor can help you with any additional requirements as a member of the electrical industry. An experienced professional can also help determine everything from other applicable requirements to, type of electrical cable, and present numerous options for your DIY project.
When you start creating the kitchen design, there’s a lot of work towards getting the type of island look and functionality. Countertop space is a premium consideration as is the space in your overall kitchen. Not only do you want the right kitchen island design, but you also want it to deliver all the features you want. That’s why it’s imperative to really take your time, study all the options and then see what works for you.
Whether you need outlets on the kitchen island or not, consider the separate countertop spaces around your kitchen. It’s all about the functions you expect and what features you are interested in. However, it also depends on the island countertop space available. Ideally, you want to have a couple of outlets, just in case you are preparing food, using some cooking gadgets, and so on. These can make your cooking experience easier, so it makes sense to invest some time and effort and install some outlets.
They might not seem necessary or even mandatory, but at the end of the day, you will find them a pleasure to use and you’ll really regret it if you don’t add them. Do you really want to get all tangled up with an extension cord?
That’s why you have to identify what kind of outlets you want, what design fits your kitchen island style, and then go from there.
Table of Contents
- Why Does a Kitchen Island Need an Outlet
- Are GFCI Outlets Required on Kitchen Island Cabinets
- How Many Outlets Are Required on a Kitchen Island
- Where to Put Electrical Outlets on a Kitchen Island
- How to Install a Receptacle Outlet on a Kitchen Island
- How Do You Hide a Receptacle Outlet on a Kitchen Island
- A Portable Kitchen Island With Electrical Outlets
- A Kitchen Island Without Electrical Outlets
Why Does a Kitchen Island Need an Outlet
Kitchen islands and peninsulas have separate electrical building codes. Sometimes more than one outlet is needed on the countertop of an island or peninsula. Some states require a specific number of outlets, while others allow for any combination of 2-3 outlets per appliance. Check with your local building inspector or building owner to find out what code applies to you.
As we mentioned earlier, there are many situations when you need cooking gadgets, tools, and utensils as you prepare your food. By adding an outlet or more, you can bring in more ways to cook and prepare various kinds of food. Using a pop-up outlet will help prevent any damage, and prevent little fingers from prying around. With such modern enhancements, why bother with a wall outlet?
If there are two appliances on either side of the sink that will be using power from the same circuit, then it’s not necessary to put them both on their own circuits. However, if they’re going to use different circuits, then each should get its own dedicated circuit. This may mean having two breakers installed: One breaker controls all the kitchen lights/outlets; another breaker controls only the appliances’ respective receptacles. The latter would also control the light switch for the refrigerator.
If you’re adding an outlet to the kitchen island, you’re making it better, more versatile, and adding features to it, which will help take your experience to the next level. It’s exciting and rewarding, and it certainly pushes the experience to new heights. We recommend having at least an outlet or two for the kitchen island if you can. This makes it easier for you to use all kinds of gadgets and cooking tools, and the experience can be an exciting one all the time.
Then there’s also the fact that a kitchen island’s focus is to expand the feel of your kitchen. You have that much-needed space you need for cooking, mixing or blending ingredients, washing veggies in a sink, and so on. Adding countertop receptacle outlets is very helpful, but you need to add them so that no one can touch them, especially kids.
Are GFCI Outlets Required on Kitchen Island Cabinets
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) outlets are very safe since they bring special measures to prevent any potential problems that might arise. These are electrical reciprocals whose primary focus is to protect you from getting injured or shocked whenever you use any electronic devices. Most GFCI outlets have the reset and test buttons in the center.
A GFCI outlet will monitor the electrical output and whenever the sensor detects any differences, the electrical supply gets interrupted within a few seconds. You get to break the current very quickly, not to mention the user is protected from any injury very quickly. While GFCI outlets are not mandatory, they are recommended since they can keep your entire family safe per electrical code in your city. They are a bit more expensive when compared to regular outlets, so keep that in mind.
How Many Outlets Are Required on a Kitchen Island
It depends on the size of your kitchen island. If the island countertop has 12 feet x 4 feet, then you will need 4 receptacle outlets. Up to 45 square feet of countertop will need 3 receptacle outlets, but anything over that will need 4 or more.
So, depending on how big the kitchen island is, you will require between 2 – 6 outlets.
You don’t want to make your kitchen too small because this could limit what you can do with it. Also, you don’t want to go overboard by putting too many outlets as this will just clutter up the area. A good rule of thumb is to think about where you plan to place the counters and cabinets around the island. Then figure out how many outlets you’ll need based on those measurements.
It’s important to understand that adding too many outlets is not a problem, but the way you install them might be a safety hazard. This is why you want to work closely with a professional, just to be safe. Doing that will help make quite the difference, and it’s exactly the thing to keep in mind.
Kitchen islands come in different sizes and shapes, depending upon what kind of style you prefer. Some people like modern designs while others love traditional ones. Whatever type of design you choose, remember to include enough outlets to accommodate all the things you plan to do on your island. Remember that some types of appliances require extra power, such as deep fryers, ovens, etc., so you should always check out the manufacturer’s guidelines before purchasing any appliance.
The best part about installing these kitchen outlets is that you don’t even have to drill holes into the cabinet surface. Instead, a base cabinet already may have pre-installed slots where you can easily attach the necessary wiring.
Where to Put Electrical Outlets on a Kitchen Island
Once you know “does kitchen island require outlet” or not, you must figure out the location of the outlets and where they fit within your overall design. Ideally, you want to keep outlets out of sight since they look great and also keep you safe. Here are some ideas!
|You can match the outlet to your own cabinet or cabinet doors, as this will seamlessly integrate it into the kitchen island design, and you’ll barely see it|
|There are also pop-up outlets that are low profile, and whenever you need them, you pop them up and use them. Stuff like that helps bring in a much better and useful experience. You can avoid any use of wall space.|
|A good idea is to install a power strip. Many install it on the top rail of the kitchen island side panel. The design is incorporated into the side of the island, and the results as a whole can be awe-inspiring.|
|Countertop outlets are also efficient. They can be installed underneath the countertop. These have a metal circle that you can use to pull them up when needed.|
How to Install a Receptacle Outlet on a Kitchen Island
|You must open the doors and then drill a hole in the floor beneath’ here you can add the breaker box.|
|Make sure that you feed the wire directly into the hole. Guide it to the current kitchen circuit.|
|Once this is done, drill the hole in the floor under the circuit and then feed the wire back.|
The entire process is not very complicated, but it can take a bit of trial and error to do it right. Yet it’s going to look nice, and you will find yourself impressed with the experience and quality. That alone makes it well worth it every time.
How Do You Hide a Receptacle Outlet on a Kitchen Island
Hiding an outlet in your kitchen island is a great idea if you want a simple, minimalist look. As we mentioned earlier, you can use a few ideas to not see the outlets at all unless you need them.
Installing power strips under the countertop is an efficient, simple way to get the job done and ensure your safety too. Pop-up outlets are also great since you can hide them without a problem. In fact, most kitchen island outlets have some features you can use to hide them if you want. That’s what makes them so cool and unique in the first place.
How Much Overhang Should There Be On a Kitchen Island
A countertop overhang extends beyond the base or front of cabinets underneath your kitchen island. This concept considers that dining spills may happen with guests, family, or children. Spills usually mean that they drip over the face of cabinets or when dining, there is a higher risk that food will find its way into cupboards and drawers.
For kitchen island countertops, a standard overhang is 12 inches which are far more than your typical 1 1/2 inches for a standard countertop overhang. In custom home remodel projects or complete kitchen rebuilds, a larger kitchen space means a potentially larger kitchen island and thus, different overhang dimensions.
Kitchen islands with overhang create a more dining-like experience. A lot of families spend their mealtime around the island versus the dining room table because it’s casual and convenient to access water, other appliances, or drawers. You have to be mindful that this can be challenging for those with smaller kitchen spaces; especially, in modern condos.
A Portable Kitchen Island With Electrical Outlets
There are portable kitchen island models that have their own electrical outlet. Usually, this will have some sort of generator that will work whenever you need electricity. If you need portability, this type of solution can do wonders, and it will convey the results you expect. It makes a lot of sense to at least test it out for yourself and see if it suits your requirements.
A Kitchen Island Without Electrical Outlets
Of course, not everyone will need an outlet. There are plenty of people who don’t use any type of utensils or electric cooking gadgets, so it’s a good idea not to include any electrical outlet. It’s all about understanding what you need to cook on your kitchen island and so on. This is very important to keep in mind whenever you want to create a good kitchen island. Avoid any rush and make sure that you assess everything the way you want.
It’s a great idea to add an outlet to your kitchen island. It helps immensely, and it can deliver some extraordinary benefits and plenty of value. Most of the time, you will need an outlet for your kitchen island since it has value, efficiency and you can start using all kinds of cooking utensils.
It’s a great opportunity, and most of the time these outlets can be installed to be out of sight. They can be visible only when you need them, which is precisely what you want to focus on. Prepare the right plan, install those kitchen island outlet styles/designs you want, and you will have no problem taking your kitchen to the next level this way!
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John Thompson, Writer and Commentator, EvolutDesign.com
Soldier, writer, researcher, consultant, and bon vivant, John Thompson is the author of numerous columns, op-eds, reports, briefs, short stories and books as the “Felicity Files” and “Spirit Over Steel: A Chronology of the Second World War” (version III). Often found hunched over his computer, or in his garden, and now often found doing both. His diverse talent has led him to work in industries and projects such as energy, security and home construction and renovation.